The Canadian Collection consists of books, periodicals and pamphlets primarily on Canadian literature and history. Early and rare Canadiana includes Sir William Vaughan's The Golden Fleece (1626), Major John Richardson's Wacousta (1840), and Bishop John Horden's translation into the Cree language of portions of the Anglican Book of Common Prayer (1853). The collection contains special limited editions and examples of the works of contemporary Canadian small and private presses such as Aliquando Press, Editions Erta, Barbarian Press, and examples of Canadian livres d'artiste by Lise Melhorn-Boe, Lucie Lambert, Cathryn Miller and others as well as examples of Canadian popular culture such as the earliest Harlequin publications. There are published works by the authors whose archival fonds are housed in Special Collections. In some instances they are a selected number of titles but in other instances they represent a more substantial portion of an author's library. The Earle Birney collection is a case in point having both Birney's own published works and the works of other authors.