Ernest Preston Manning was born in Edmonton, Alberta on June 10, 1942 to Alberta premier Ernest Manning and his wife Muriel (nee Preston) Manning. After graduating from the University of Alberta with an Honours degree in Economics in 1964, Manning ran unsuccessfully as a Social Credit candidate in the 1965 federal election. He then joined the National Public Affairs Research Foundation, a conservative think tank, and was involved in the Social Conservative Party and the Movement for National Political Change. During 1966- 67, he researched his father's book, "Political Realignment" and, with his father, co-wrote the White Paper on Human Resource Development for the Social Credit government in Alberta. The White Paper led to the creation of the Department of Youth, a Human Resources Council and the Alberta Service Corps.